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Asmara vs Antananarivo Climate & Distance Between

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  • The distance between Asmara, Eritrea and Antananarivo, Madagascar is approximately 3,904 km or 2,426 mi.
  • To reach Asmara in this distance one would set out from Antananarivo bearing 345.5° or NNW and follow the great circles arc to approach Asmara bearing 345.8° or NNW .
  • Asmara has a mid-latitude cool steppe climate (BSk) whereas Antananarivo has a subtropical highland climate with dry winters (Cwb).
  • Asmara is in or near the subtropical thorn woodland biome whereas Antananarivo is in or near the subtropical moist forest biome.
  • The annual mean temperature is 2.3 °C (4.2°F) cooler.
  • Average monthly temperatures vary by 2.2 °C (4°F) less in Asmara. The continentality subtype is truly hyperoceanic for both.
  • Total annual precipitation averages 937.7 mm (36.9 in) less which is equivalent to 937.7 l/m (23.01 US gal/ft) or 9,377,000 l/ha (1,002,464 US gal/ac) less. About 1/3 as much.
  • There are 312 more hours of sunlight per year in Asmara. In whichever way circa 0h 51' more per day or about 1 1/9 as many.
  • The altitude of the sun at midday is overall 2.7° higher in Asmara than in Antananarivo.
  • Relative humidity levels are 19.9% lower.
  • The mean dew point temperature is 6.8°C (12.3°F) lower.

Climate Comparison Table

The table shows values for Asmara relative to Antananarivo. You can also view this comparison the other way around from the perspective of Antananarivo vs Asmara.

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
maximum temperature iconAverage Max Temperature °C ( °F) -4 (-7) -3 (-5) -1 (-1) 0 (0) +2 (+3) +4 (+7) +1 (+2) +1 (+1) -1 (-1) -4 (-7) -5 (-9) -5 (-9) -1 (-2)
average temperature iconAverage Temperature °C ( °F) -7 (-12) -6 (-10) -4 (-7) -2 (-4) +1 (+1) +3 (+5) +2 (+4) +2 (+3) -1 (-1) -4 (-6) -6 (-10) -7 (-13) -2 (-4)
minimum temperature iconAverage Min Temperature °C ( °F) -12 (-22) -12 (-21) -9 (-16) -6 (-11) -2 (-4) +1 (+1) +1 (+2) +1 (+2) -2 (-4) -5 (-9) -8 (-15) -11 (-21) -5 (-10)
rainfall iconAverage Precipitation mm (in) -270 (-11) -277 (-11) -189 (-7) -31 (-1) +19 (+1) +31 (+1) +164 (+6) +145 (+6) +5 (+0) -60 (-2) -167 (-7) -307 (-12) -938 (-37)
rain days iconNumber of Precipitation Days (% chance of precip. on a day ) -22 ( -71) -18 ( -64) -15 ( -48) -4 ( -13) -1 ( -3) -4 ( -13) +10 (+32) +9 (+29) -1 ( -3) -5 ( -16) -12 ( -40) -19 ( -61)   -82 ( -23)
sunshine iconAverage Sunlight Hours/ Day +2h 34' +1h 48' +2h 19' +0h 40' +2h 05' -0h 14' -2h 01' -1h 56' +0h 12' +0h 38' +1h 34' +2h 36'   +0h 51'
daylight iconAverage Daylight Hours & Minutes/ Day -1h 47' -1h 07' -0h 12' +0h 46' +1h 35' +2h 00' +1h 49' +1h 07' +0h 10' -0h 48' -1h 36' -2h 00'   0h 00'
sun altitude iconSun altitude at solar noon on the 21st day () -32.4 -17.1 +4 +27.3 +34 +34 +33.9 +27.6 +4.8 -17.4 -31.9 -34   +2.7
relative humidity iconRelative Humidity (%) -28 -33 -37 -31 -30 -31 -2 +4 -14 -8 -9 -20   -19.9
dewpoint temperature iconAverage Dew Point Temperature C & (F) -12.6 (-23) -13.3 (-24) -12.4 (-22) -9.5 (-17) -6.4 (-12) -4.5 (-8) +1.8 (+3) +2.4 (+4) -3.8 (-7) -5.2 (-9) -7.3 (-13) -10.9 (-20) -6.8 (-12)

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