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Asmara vs Addis Ababa Climate & Distance Between

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  • The distance between Asmara, Eritrea and Addis Ababa, Ethiopia is approximately 701 km or 435 mi.
  • To reach Asmara in this distance one would set out from Addis Ababa bearing 1° or N and follow the great circles arc to approach Asmara bearing 1.1° or N .
  • Asmara has a mid-latitude cool steppe climate (BSk) whereas Addis Ababa has a subtropical highland climate with dry winters (Cwb).
  • Asmara is in or near the subtropical thorn woodland biome whereas Addis Ababa is in or near the subtropical moist forest biome.
  • The average annual temperature is 0.3 °C (0.5°F) cooler.
  • Average monthly temperatures vary by 1.4 °C (2.5°F) more in Asmara. The continentality subtype is truly hyperoceanic for both.
  • Total annual precipitation averages 570.4 mm (22.5 in) less which is equivalent to 570.4 l/m (14 US gal/ft) or 5,704,000 l/ha (609,795 US gal/ac) less. About 1/2 as much.
  • There are 563 more hours of sunlight per year in Asmara. In whichever way circa 1h 32' more per day or about 1 1/4 as many.
  • The altitude of the sun at midday is overall 2.2° lower in Asmara than in Addis Ababa.
  • Relative humidity levels are 2.5% lower.
  • The mean dew point temperature is 0.9°C (1.6°F) lower.

Climate Comparison Table

The table shows values for Asmara relative to Addis Ababa. You can also view this comparison the other way around from the perspective of Addis Ababa vs Asmara.

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
maximum temperature iconAverage Max Temperature °C ( °F) -1 (-1) 0 (0) 0 (+0) 1 (+2) 0 (0) +2 (+3) +2 (+3) +2 (+3) +2 (+3) 0 (-1) -2 (-3) -2 (-3) 0 (+1)
average temperature iconAverage Temperature °C ( °F) -1 (-2) -1 (-2) -1 (-2) -1 (-1) 0 (-1) +1 (+2) +1 (+2) +1 (+2) +0 (+0) 0 (0) -1 (-2) -2 (-3) 0 (-1)
minimum temperature iconAverage Min Temperature °C ( °F) -3 (-5) -3 (-5) -3 (-5) -2 (-4) -1 (-1) +1 (+1) +1 (+1) +1 (+1) -1 (-3) +0 (+0) 0 (-1) -2 (-4) -1 (-2)
rainfall iconAverage Precipitation mm (in) -16 (-1) -30 (-1) -65 (-3) -63 (-2) -15 (-1) -74 (-3) -70 (-3) -113 (-4) -101 (-4) -25 (-1) +11 (+0) -10 (0) -570 (-22)
rain days iconNumber of Precipitation Days (% chance of precip. on a day ) -4 ( -13) -5 ( -18) -6 ( -19) -7 ( -23) -1 ( -3) -13 ( -43) -8 ( -26) -10 ( -32) -18 ( -60) -3 ( -10) 0 ( 0) -1 ( -3)   -76 ( -21)
sunshine iconAverage Sunlight Hours/ Day +1h 03' +1h 54' +1h 17' +2h 26' +1h 56' +1h 02' +2h 07' +2h 40' +3h 06' +1h 19' +0h 02' -0h 23'   +1h 32'
daylight iconAverage Daylight Hours & Minutes/ Day -0h 20' -0h 12' -0h 02' +0h 08' +0h 17' +0h 22' +0h 20' +0h 12' +0h 02' -0h 09' -0h 18' -0h 22'   0h 00'
sun altitude iconSun altitude at solar noon on the 21st day () -6.3 -6.2 -6.2 -0.5 +6.2 +6.3 +6.2 -0.1 -6.2 -6.2 -6.3 -6.3   -2.2
relative humidity iconRelative Humidity (%) +4 -1 -8 -10 -4 -16 -6 +0 -15 +6 +13 +7   -2.5
dewpoint temperature iconAverage Dew Point Temperature C & (F) +0 (+0) -1.3 (-2) -3.4 (-6) -3.2 (-6) -1.5 (-3) -3.2 (-6) +0.1 (+0) +1.1 (+2) -3.2 (-6) +1.3 (+2) +2.3 (+4) +0.1 (+0) -0.9 (-2)

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